Semiconductor Devices: Theory and Application
James M. Fiore, Mohawk Valley Community College
Copyright Year: 2018
ISBN 13: 9781796543537
Conditions of Use
This book discusses the features and applications of the fundamental semiconductor devices such as diodes, bipolar junction transistors, junction field effect transistors, metal oxide semiconductor field effect transistors, and insulated gate... read more
This book discusses the features and applications of the fundamental semiconductor devices such as diodes, bipolar junction transistors, junction field effect transistors, metal oxide semiconductor field effect transistors, and insulated gate bipolar transistors. These are the basic devices that are used in industry and they should be covered in an introductory semiconductor or electronic course.
The features and applications of the semiconductor devices are descripted accurately by the text, the equations, and the graphics in this book.
Some web links are included in this book for the readers to explore the details of some content. However, these links might be removed any time. For example, the link to the datasheet of 1N4148 is invalid now (as December 2021).
The semiconductor devices that are discussed in this book are the popular ones in industry. They are not likely to be discarded in the near future.
The example semiconductor devices might be discontinued by the manufacturers, as the new models will replace the old ones.
This book introduces the basic concepts with clear definitions and terminologies. It explains the theory and models with mathematical equations and figures. It demonstrates the applications with example problems and computer simulation results.
Some variable names are listed in Chapter 1 and they are used through the book. The parameter names, their units, and their typical values are listed under some of the equations. The terminologies in this book are the common ones that are used in other books and in industry.
Each chapter discusses one dedicated topic, and it is easy for the readers to focus on the content. The length of the chapters are almost the same, and it is easy for the instructors to design a course using this book.
This book is well organized. It introduces the semiconductor materials at the beginning. It discusses the features and applications of the specific semiconductor devices next. It talks about the concept of the amplifiers. Then it elaborates the specific amplifier circuits using different semiconductor devices.
It is a good arrangement to show some of the figures, circuits, and plots by the side of the text and equations, and it is convenient for the readers to read the text while observing the graphics.
The curves in the same plot are only differentiated by color. If someone would like to print the book in black and write ink, it is difficult to tell which curve represents which signal.
There are no grammatical errors found.
The cultural relevance issue is not found, since the book is focused on the semiconductor devices, the circuit theories, and the electrical techniques.
There are review questions or problem sets after each chapter with some answers, which makes this book a good textbook to train the students.
The brief introduction to the history of the semiconductor devices and the inventors makes the book interesting to read. This information could be discussed with the students to engage their learning.
Overall, I would recommend adopting this book in an introductory semiconductor or electronic course.
Table of Contents
Chapter 1: Semiconductor Fundamentals
- 1.0 Chapter Objectives
- 1.1 Introduction
- 1.2 Atomic Structure
- 1.3 Crystals
- 1.4 Doped Materials
Chapter 2: PN Junctions and Diodes
- 2.0 Chapter Objectives
- 2.1 Introduction
- 2.2 The PN Junction
- 2.3 Diode Data Sheet Interpretation
- 2.4 Diode Circuit Models
- 2.5 Other Types of Diodes
Chapter 3: Diode Applications
- 3.0 Chapter Objectives
- 3.1 Introduction
- 3.2 Rectification
- 3.3 Clippers
- 3.4 Clampers
Chapter 4: Bipolar Junction Transistors (BJTs)
- 4.0 Chapter Objectives
- 4.1 Introduction
- 4.2 The Bipolar Junction Transistor
- 4.3 BJT Collector Curves
- 4.4 BJT Data Sheet Interpretation
- 4.5 Ebers-Moll Model
- 4.6 DC Load Lines
- 4.7 BJT Switching and Driver Applications
Chapter 5: BJT Biasing
- 5.0 Chapter Objectives
- 5.1 Introduction
- 5.2 The Need For Biasing
- 5.3 Two-Supply Emitter Bias
- 5.4 Voltage Divider Bias
- 5.5 Feedback Biasing
Chapter 6: Amplifier Concepts
- 6.0 Chapter Objectives
- 6.1 Introduction
- 6.2 Amplifier Model
- 6.3 Compliance and Distortion
- 6.4 Frequency Response and Noise
- 6.5 Miller's Theorem
Chapter 7: BJT Small Signal Amplifiers
- 7.0 Chapter Objectives
- 7.1 Introduction
- 7.2 Simplified AC Model of the BJT
- 7.3 Common Emitter Amplifier
- 7.4 Common Collector Amplifier
- 7.5 Common Base Amplifier
- 7.6 Multi-Stage Amplifiers
Chapter 8: BJT Class A Power Amplifiers
- 8.0 Chapter Objectives
- 8.1 Introduction
- 8.2 Amplifier Classes
- 8.3 Class A Operation and Load Lines
- 8.4 Loudspeakers
- 8.5 Power Transistor Data Sheet Interpretation
- 8.6 Heat Sinks
Chapter 9: BJT Class B Power Amplifiers
- 9.0 Chapter Objectives
- 9.1 Introduction
- 9.2 The Class B Configuration
- 9.3 Extensions and Refinements
Chapter 10: Junction Field Effect Transistors (JFETs)
- 10.0 Chapter Objectives
- 10.1 Introduction
- 10.2 JFET Internals
- 10.3 JFET Data Sheet Interpretation
- 10.4 JFET Biasing
Chapter 11: JFET Small Signal Amplifiers
- 11.0 Chapter Objectives
- 11.1 Introduction
- 11.2 Simplified AC Model of the JFET
- 11.3 Common Source Amplifier
- 11.4 Common Drain Amplifier
- 11.5 Multi-stage and Combination Circuits
- 11.6 Ohmic Region Operation
Chapter 12: Metal Oxide Semiconductor FETs (MOSFETs)
- 12.0 Chapter Objectives
- 12.1 Introduction
- 12.2 The DE-MOSFET
- 12.3 DE-MOSFET Biasing
- 12.4 The E-MOSFET
- 12.5 E-MOSFET Data Sheet Interpretation
- 12.6 E-MOSFET Biasing
Chapter 13: MOSFET Small Signal Amplifiers
- 13.0 Chapter Objectives
- 13.1 Introduction
- 13.2 MOSFET Common Source Amplifiers
- 13.3 MOSFET Common Drain Followers
Chapter 14: Class D Power Amplifiers
- 14.0 Chapter Objectives
- 14.1 Introduction
- 14.2 Class D Basics
- 14.3 Pulse Width Modulation
- 14.4 Output Configurations
Chapter 15: Insulated Gate Bipolar Transistors (IGBTs)
- 15.0 Chapter Objectives
- 15.1 Introduction
- 15.2 IGBT Internals
- 15.3 IGBT Data Sheet Interpretation
- 15.4 IGBT Applications
About the Book
The goal of this text, as its name implies, is to allow the reader to become proficient in the analysis and design of circuits utilizing discrete semiconductor devices. It progresses from basic diodes through bipolar and field effect transistors. The text is intended for use in a first or second year course on semiconductors at the Associate or Baccalaureate level. In order to make effective use of this text, students should have already taken coursework in basic DC and AC circuits, and have a solid background in algebra and trigonometry along with exposure to phasors. Calculus is used in certain sections of the text but for the most part it is used for equation derivations and proofs, and is kept to a minimum. For students without a calculus background these sections may be skipped without a loss of continuity.
There is also a lab manual for this textbook.
About the Contributors
James M. Fiore
My name is Jim and I'm the resident dissident, programmer and author. I've been a college professor for many years teaching in the areas of electrical engineering technology, computer programming and the science of sound. I'm also a musician and an endurance athlete. I established dissidents in the late 1980s as a way to offer various software items that I created, figuring that other people might find them useful as well. Some of these have been commercial and some have been freeware. I also write a lot, including published college text books and lab manuals. Recently, the open educational resource movement has gained momentum (no doubt at least partly propelled by the rising costs of college tuition and texts).